derivation of the word. The view which it gives a person of himself. 16 And Simon he surnamed Peter. the angels came, and he was affrighted.". 15 And to haue power to heale sickenesses, and to cast out deuils. Christianity, studied, believed, embraced, experienced, causes the soul to dwell habitually in the presence of sublimer objects than these, and under the influence of nobler contemplations. Mark 3:17 And James, the son of Zebedee, and John, the brother of James, and he gave them the name Boanerges, which is Sons of Thunder. Not only is a person who has felt “the powers of the world to come” apt to feel that the paltry interests of time are not worth contending for, but habitual contemplation of eternal realities, and of Him who “inhabiteth eternity,” will so awe and elevate the spirit, that it will have the utmost disrelish for contention. Mark 3:17. 3. Answer: In Mark 3, Jesus calls twelve men to be His apostles. brother James being now dead), could be known to those that were absent under this title, the I am, exist. BibliographyPoole, Matthew, "Commentary on Mark 3:17". Add to this the keenness and deliberation which so much of his story exhibits, which at the beginning rendered no hasty homage, but followed Jesus to examine and to learn, which saw the meaning of the orderly arrangement of the grave clothes in the empty tomb, which was the first to recognise the Lord upon the beach—and we have the very qualities required to supplement those of St. Peter without being discordant or uncongenial. Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular. Broadman Press 1932,33. 106). has “He called them Beni-Ragshi,” and gives no explanation of the name. https: & in Seder Tephillot, Ed. John Trapp Complete Commentary. That castle of noted fame which is called Masada in Josephus, Pliny, Solinus, 2. So great was the zeal of St. James, that he incurred the resentment of king Agrippa, and was the first of the apostles to seal the doctrines of Jesus Christ with his blood. https: 1. We will consider some things in Christianity that are adapted to give gentleness to the character. himself calls himself the elder, and he was sufficiently known to those to whom he Acts of the Apostles 12:1–2 records that King Herod had James executed by sword (Ac.12:1–2). 1999. 1685. Compare son of perdition (John 17:12); sons of disobedience (Ephesians 2:2; Ephesians 5:6). ‘And James the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James; and He surnamed them Boanerges, which is, The son of thunder.’ Mark 3:17. 1859. https: Boanerges. Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. When Theodore Beza will have it written Benerges, the very Jews themselves will There are two uses of the name of James (Ιαχωβος — Iacōbos Jacob). Boanerges, sons of thunder. As obscure is the reason of the name imposed upon these two disciples, as the It is justified by the impetuosity and zeal which characterized both the brothers, which prompted them to suggest the calling of fire from heaven to consume the inhospitable Samaritan village (Luke 9:54); which marked James as the victim of an early martyrdom (Acts 12:2); and which sounds in the thunders of John's Apocalypse. "Commentary on Mark 3:17". We must trust conjecture for the loss of his life, Acts 12. And therefore it is with St. Peter, even more than with his brother, that we have seen John associated. called him Peter, and he calls himself so. With the ancients, thunder was the symbol for profound and solemn utterances. BibliographyLightfoot, John. See App-94.. sons of. רעם בני beney raam, which the ancient Greeks would pronounce Beneregem, and which means sons of thunder, was probably the appellative used by our Lord: or רעש בני beni reges, sons of tempest, which comes nearest to the Boanerges of the evangelist. It is possible that in the oral tradition sounds became confused, and perhaps two names were fused into one; but no satisfactory solution has been found. Barnabas and Boanerges "the son of consolation and of thunder," make a good mixture. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, NT Gospels: Mark 3:17 James the son of Zebedee (Mar Mk Mr) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools. Thunder in Scripture is something both terrible and Joyous. "People's New Testament". This would explain why both are given the name. Br James Preston “ ” Johnson 7 Feb 1935 – 27 Dec 1997. And James the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James; and he surnamed them Boanerges, which is, The sons of thunder: Mark 1:19,20 And when he had gone a little further thence, he saw James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, who also were in the ship mending their nets…. Andrew, (from ανηρ — anēr a man) and Philip (Philippos, fond of horses) are both Greek names. He is a keen observer and a deep thinker, but he cannot, like his Master, combine the quality of leader with those of student and sage. p. 6. only. https: First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages. Mark 3:17: James son of Zebedee and his brother John (to them he gave the name Boanerges, which means "sons of thunder"), ),—perhaps on account of their vehement and zealous disposition, of which we see marks Luke 9:54; Mark 9:38; Mark 10:37; see also 2 John 1:10; but this is uncertain. whereof one sat on the right hand, and the other on the left; one wrote the votes of those (M. F. ), allied to Hebrew In Hebrew "thunder" is kol = voice: i.e. From a presumed derivative of the base of ginosko; a 'name'. 88), and in Mk alone (Mark 6:3) is He so called. St. James and John were together in desiring to rival the fiery and avenging miracle of Elijah, and to partake of the profound baptism and bitter cup of Christ. Matthew is a Hebrew name meaning gift of God (Ματταιος — Maththaios). He, she, it, they, them, same. thunder. August 15 I Thursday Psalms 91-93 Romans 15:1-13 “James son of Zebedee and his brother John (to them He gave the name Boanerges, which means ‘sons of thunder’).” —Mark 3:17 When Jesus walked this earth, part of His inner circle included the brothers James and John. Sons of thunder - A Hebraism for thunderers; probably so named because of their zeal and power in preaching the Gospel. It was a very usual thing among the Jews to give surnames, which signified some particular quality or excellence, to their rabbins. Ed. Possibly from their power as preachers. He that hath them, may be a Moses for his meekness and a Phineas for his fervour. This is the only passage in which the surname of James and John is mentioned, whereas that of Peter occurs frequently].— βοανεργὲς, Boanerges) “Without doubt Christ by this name alludes ( בני ריגשא) to the two Scribes, who, in the Sanhedrim, were wont to sit, one on the right hand, the other on the left of the high priest, of whom the former used to collect the votes of acquittal, the latter those of condemnation, and Christ applies this judicial custom of the Sanhedrim to His spiritual kingdom;” Mellant, Sac., p. 36, 37. But as names given usually seem to have pointed at good characteristics ‘sons of thunder’ may mean thundering against sin, and if ‘anger’ then as anger against sin (Mark 9:38; Luke 9:54). St. Peter, when Jesus drew him aside, turned and saw the disciple whom Jesus loved following, with the same gentle, silent, and sociable affection, which had so recently found him with the saddest and tenderest of all companions underneath the Cross. Thus sparks are sons of fire (Job 5:7); threshed corn is son of the floor (Isaiah 21:10). ESV® Text Edition: 2016. Hebrews 4:12 For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart. St. John also fulfilled the import of his name, as appears form his gospel, epistles, apocalypse, and the sufferings he underwent at Rome for the faith. Whitby thinks, “Christ gave James and John this name from a foresight of the heat and zeal of their temper, of which they quickly gave an instance in their desire to call down fire from heaven to consume the Samaritans. "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". Christ called Simon Peter, and likewise others And James the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James; and he Charles Schribner's Sons. character arose hence. He alone mentions it. Farellus was famous for his loud speaking, when the envious monks rang the bells to drown his voice as he was preaching at Metis, ille contra ad ravim usque vocem intendit, nec vinci se a strepitu ullo passus est. But it is demanded, what that is. Copyright � Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. They have already been introduced to us previously, along with Peter’s brother Andrew (Mark 1:16-20). 1891. "Commentary on Mark 3:17". However, it was probably due to that fact that he was the older brother. It is likely that Jesus gave new names to all His disciples but the other new names tend to be ignored here, probably because they were not so prominent later on. (Witham) --- He gave also the two sons of Zebedee the name of Boanerges, (Greek: Boanerges) from the Syriac, Benairegesch; or the Hebrew, Bene, sons, regesch, thunder, noise or tumult. He was likely the first of the apostles martyred for his faith. Mark 3:17 Boanerges - This word is made up of two Hebrew words signifying “sons of thunder,” meaning that they, on some accounts, “resembled” thunder. BibliographyNisbet, James. The two brothers.—It is remarkable that St. James, he whom Christ bade to share His distinctive title with another, should not once be named as having acted or spoken by himself. Although Mark mentions that the apostles were sent: out in pairs (Mark 6:7), he does not classify them here in pairs. BibliographyJohnson, Barton W. "Commentary on Mark 3:17". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". Another suggestion is the Aramaic ‘regaz’ which signifies children of ‘anger’. Occ, only in Mark. Jerome was called Fulmen Ecclesiasticum, thunder of the chucrh, Athanasius Magnes et Adamas, A loadstone for his sweetness, and an adamant for his stoutness. Christian humility certainly tends to promote gentleness. To which our very learned Hugh Would it not be strange if two persons should quarrel while gazing together at the cataract of Niagara, listening to its solemn roar, and feeling its solemn tremor? and the vice-president? rest. A third alternative is ‘rogez’ - ‘agitation, excitement’, but used picturesquely for thunder in Job 37:2. I. James. "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". Mk. Boanerges; a title expressive of the power and energy of their eloquence. 17. John and St. Peter.—John was again with St. Peter at the Beautiful Gate; and although it was not he who healed the cripple, yet his co-operation is implied in the words, ‘Peter fastened his eyes on him, with John.’ And when the council would fain have silenced them, the boldness which spoke in St. Peter’s reply was ‘the boldness of Peter and John.’ Could any series of events justify more perfectly a title which implied much zeal, yet zeal that did not demand a specific unshared epithet? https: (Anon. He calls Simon Peter with respect If he wrote as he wrote in his epistle, there would be much to vindicate the title, for he wrote such terrible words as, “who is a liar, but he that denieth that Jesus is the Christ?” “He that committeth sin is of the devil.” “Whosoever hateth his brother is a murderer, and ye know that no murderer hath eternal life abiding in him.” And respecting a certain troubler of the Church he writes, “If I come, I will remember his deeds which he doeth.” We must remember, too, that this epistle was written in his old age, when years had toned down his decisiveness and vehemence. But he alone throws Peter and James and John, the three who shared the Lord's particular intimacy, into one group. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons. Mr 3:17 Boanerges. Jeremiah 10:13). the mouth of a very learned Maronite, that it could not be taught by any grammatical ", Certainly, it is somewhat hard and bold to accuse the Scripture of St. Mark as corrupt ‘And James the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James; and He surnamed them Boanerges, which is, The son of thunder.’. Germ. The term Boanerges is neither Hebrew nor Syriac. Outside the four lists, John is mentioned 50 times in N.T. "Abbott's Illustrated New Testament". 1879-90. 17. Perhaps, however, if we had heard him preach, we should have discerned in a moment the fitness of the name. Syr-Sin. 1887. "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". 17And Iames the sonne of Zebedee, and Iohn the brother of Iames (and he surnamed them Boanerges, which is, The sonnes of thunder.) Copyright StatementThese files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library. 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